Multisensory / 360º Video / Installation / Animation / Research
My collaborator Betsy Ruth Byers and I pair glaciological and psychological research to create interactive and immersive art spaces that promote empathy between humans and the environment. Our work has employed virtual reality and sensory stimuli to place viewers in distressed environments of receding glaciers. In this project, a collaboration with National Science Foundation researchers, we focused on the Hermoso glacier in Cayambe, Ecuador.
This glacier exists as a part of a particularly vulnerable ecosystem. A healthy glacier must exist at a point between growth and melt, whereas it’s accumulation is greater than is ablation. The team’s current research data demonstrates that Hermoso is not at this point of equilibrium.
Receding at ~4cm a day, the Hermoso glacier is vital to the downstream community in Cayambe, acting as a reservoir. About 50% of the downstream water—used for agriculture and daily life—comes from the Hermoso glacier. For this community, a future with less ice means a future with less water.
For most of us, however, the idea of touching a glacier or experiencing the effect of its absence is distant. How do we connect or empathize with a glacier that is so far away? Based on psychological research that suggests that connectedness to nature can encourage pro-environmental behaviors, we aimed to create media that could connect viewers to the glacier, regardless of space.
In an exhibition held at the Rosalux gallery, Reservoir, we used auditory, olfactory, and visual characteristics observed at the Hermoso glacier during a research trip in June of 2019 to offer viewers a bodily experience of the tropical glacier. Scents like sulfur were used to replicate the volcanic environment, and menthol was used to produce the sensation of cold. An atomizor was used to create a mist throughout the space, replicating the morning mist we hiked into each morning to reach the glacier.
Additionally, we attempted to both create connectedness to nature through perspective-taking and elucidate the research process by utilizing virtual reality and 360° video. One technique the researchers used to understand the glacier is the RT-Flux model, which examines how water moves through the glacial system and where it is lost. With footage captured at the Hermoso glacier, this video takes the viewer through the glacial system—as the viewer begins as air and moves downstream, taking the perspective of a water molecule.
Collaborating with scientists gave us a significant opportunity to observe first-hand the collection of scientific data and to partner directly with colleagues working in the field. This project purposefully overlaps the boundaries between art and science, aiming to delineate the ways in which the fields of science and art intersect to mutually benefit one another. Art can offer a subjective place to explore concerning viewpoints that are often an immediate consequence to learning about scientific data regarding climate change.
The work in this exhibition is supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 1758854. The interdisciplinary team consists of principal investigators Dr. Jeff LaFrenierre, Dr. Crystal Ng, Dr. Daniel Stanton, Dr. Andrew Wickert, and Dr. Li Li. Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the artists and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.